South Africa: Overcoming Apartheid

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Homelands (Bantustans)



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The South African government designated all Africans as citizens of a homeland or Bantustan. By 1984, Ciskei, Bophuthatswana, Transkei, and Venda had been granted "independence," which was recognized by no other nations except South Africa.

By MATRIX, Michigan State University

1984

AODL African Studies Center MSU Matrix NEH