South Africa: Overcoming Apartheid


Homelands (Bantustans)

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The South African government designated all Africans as citizens of a homeland or Bantustan. By 1984, Ciskei, Bophuthatswana, Transkei, and Venda had been granted "independence," which was recognized by no other nations except South Africa.

By MATRIX, Michigan State University


AODL African Studies Center MSU Matrix NEH