South Africa: Overcoming Apartheid
Presidential Address by S.M. Makgatho, South African Native National Congress
S.M. Makgatho

At a meeting in 1919 of Africans from throughout South Africa in the Native National Congress (later to become the African National Congress), abolishing the pass laws was a main demand. There were widespread protests against pass laws that year. (Speech)

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Source: African National Congress - ANC Documents

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AODL African Studies Center MSU Matrix NEH