Suggested Readings

Alegi, Peter. Laduma! Soccer, Politics and Society in South Africa. Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, 2004.

Baard, Francis and Barbie Shreiner. My Spirit is Not Yet Banned. Harare, Zimbabwe: Zimbabwe Pub. House, 1986.
Baard tells her story of union and political activism beginning in the 1940s, which lead to her arrest and banishment.
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Beinart, William. Twentieth-Century South Africa. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Bell, Terry with Dumisa Buhle Ntsebeza. Unfinished Business, South Africa, Apartheid, and Truth. Cape Town: Redworks, 2001.
This book explores the accomplishments of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and also its inadequacies, given the compromises inherent in its mandate.
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Berger, Iris. Threads of Solidarity: Women in South African Industry, 1900-1980. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992.
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Biko, Stpehen. I Write What I Like. London: Heinemann, 1979.
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Bonner, Philip and Lauren Segal. Soweto: A History. Cape Town: Maskew Miller Longman, 1998.

Callinicos, Luli. Gold and Workers 1986-1924. A People's History of South Africa, Volume 1. Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1982.
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Cameron, Edwin. Witness to AIDS. London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2005.
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Coetzee, J.M. Waiting for the Barbarians. New York: Penguin, 1999 [1980].
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Daniels, Eddie. There and Back: Robben Island 1964-1979. Bellville, South Africa: Mayibuye Books, 1998.

Davenport, Rodney, and Christopher Saunders. South Africa: A Modern History. New York : St. Martin's Press, 2000.
This thorough history of South Africa is in its fifth edition, which includes a section about the challenges facing the new, democratic South Africa.

Desmond, Cosmas. The Discarded People: An Account of African Resettlement in South Africa, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1971.
A seminal account of forced removals of African people by a missionary who had witnessed them.

Elphick, R. and V. Malherbe. "The Khoisan to 1828." The Shaping of South African Society 1652-1840. Wesleyan University Press, 1988.

Gerhart, Gail. Black Power in South Africa: The Evolution of an Ideology. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978.
This study of black intellectual history in South Africa since World War II focuses especially on the theory of African nationalism, based on numerous interviews with its proponents and other primary material from the struggle.
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Gobodo-Madikizela, Pumla. A Human Being Died that Night: A South African Story of Forgiveness. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2003.
A clinical psychological, Gobodo-Madikizela, has studied the psychological dimensions of working through trauma and the role of forgiveness.
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Gordimer, Nadine. Burger's Daughter. New York: Penguin, 1980.
This novel is about the daughter of an Afrikaner farmer who is a member of the South African Communist Party and dies in prison. The author, Nadine Gordimer, a strongly committed anti-apartheid activist, received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1991.

Johnson, Phyllis and David Martin. Destructive Engagement: Southern Africa at War. Harare, Zimbabwe: Zimbabwe Pub. House for the Southern African Research and Documentation Centre, 1986.

Joseph, Helen. Side by Side: The Autobiography of Helen Joseph. New York: Morrow, 1986.
The first chapter describes the 1956 women's march against the pass laws. Joseph goes on from there to tell her life story, including as an accused at the Treason Trial, the first person to be placed under house arrest, and an activist throughout the struggle.
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Kahn, Ellison. "The Pass Laws" In Handbook on Race Relations in South Africa. edited by Ellen Hellman. Cape Town: Oxford University Press, 1949.
Written when the National Party government had just taken power, this thorough essay documents the evolution of the concept of passes and their early history in South Africa beginning in 1760 in the Cape.

Karis, Thomas, Gwendolen Carter and Gail Gerhart. From Protest to Challenge: a Documentary History of African Politics in South Africa 1882-1990. Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press 1992-1997.
Half of this volume is insightful essays from the editors. The remainder is selections of varied primary materials from the struggle which are part of a larger documentary collection available on microfilm.

Kathrada, Ahmed. Letters from Robben Island: A Selection of Ahmed Kathrada's Prison Correspondence, 1964-89. Edited by Robert Vassen. Cape Town, South Africa: Mayibuye Books and Michigan State University Press, 1999.

Kathrada, Ahmed. Memoirs. Cape Town: Zebra Press, 2004.
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Keegan, Timothy. Colonial South Africa and the Origins of the Racial Order. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1996.
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Krog, Antjie. Country of My Skull: Guilt, Sorrow, and the Limits of Forgiveness in the New South Africa. Johannesburg: Random House, 1998.
Krog is a poet and journalist. She reported on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission for the SABC and the Mail and Guardian newspaper (under her married name, Antjie Samuel). The book tells a number of stories from the TRC and discusses the Commission's work.
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Limb, Peter, Nelson Mandela: A Biography. Greenwood press, 2008.
This biography of a man whose life has been so intertwined with the struggle to end apartheid is written particularly for high school and undergraduate students.

Lodge, Tom. Black Politics in South Africa since 1945. London and New York: Longman, 1983.

Lodge, Tom. Politics in South Africa: From Mandela to Mbeki. Oxford: James Currey, 2003.
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Mackinnon, Aran. The Making of South Africa: Culture and Politics. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2004.
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Magubane, Bernard. South Africa: From Soweto to Uitenhage: The Political Economy of the South African Revolution. Trenton, N.J.: Africa World Press, 1989.

Mandela, Nelson. Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela. Boston: Little, Brown, 1994.

Minter, William, Gail Hovey and Charles Cobb, Jr. No Easy Victories: African Liberation and American Activists over a Half Century, 1950-2000. Trenton, N.J: Africa World Press, 2007.
This volume about the solidarity movement with African liberation in the United States has a forward by Nelson Mandela. There are 120 photographs. Twelve essays appear on the book's website, along with full transcripts of 16 interviews.
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Minter, William. Apartheid's Contras: An Inquiry Into the Roots of War in Angola and Mozambique. Johannesburg: Zed Books, 1994.

Minter, William. King Solomon's Mines Revisited: Western Interests and the Burdened History of Southern Africa. New York: Basic Books, 1986.
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Moodie, Dunbar with Vivienne Ndatshe. Going for Gold: Men, Mines, and Migration. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.
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Mphahlele, Ezekiel. Down Second Avenue. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, 1959.
This critically-acclaimed autobiography describes Mphahlele's childhood in an African township outside Pretoria and the costs of his opposition to Bantu education as a young teacher, before he goes into exile in Nigeria.

Nixon, Rob. Homelands, Harlem, and Hollywood: South African Culture and the World Beyond. London: Routledge, 1994.

Nthunya, Mpho Matsepo. Singing Away the Hunger: The Autobiography of an African Woman. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997.
This autobiography of an African woman born in 1930 is a unique look into daily life of Africans with little education whom people outside of South Africa rarely have the opportunity to hear.
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O'Meara, Dan. Forty Lost Years: The Apartheid State and the Politics of the National Party, 1948-1994. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1996.
This analysis of the history of the political party that ran the apartheid state is supplemented with useful cartoons, maps, illustrations, and tables.

Pltazky, Laurine and Cherrly Walker, The Surplus People: Forced Removals in South Africa, Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1985.
The Surplus People Project, for which this book was written, was founded in 1979 to document the enormous extent of forced removals of Africans. It continues to work for redistribution of resources in rural and peri-urban areas.

Posel, Deborah, and Graeme Simpson (ed.). Commissioning the Past: Understanding South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press, 2002.

Ramphele, Mamphela. A Life. Cape Town: David Philip, 1995.
Ramphele's autobiography illuminates both the black consciousness movement, of which she was an important leader, and the struggle of women within the liberation movement.

Readers Digest Association of South Africa. Illustrated History of South Africa: The Real Story. Cape Town: Reader's Digest Association South Africa, 1994.
This volume, with many illustrations, has a large group of authors and researchers. The Consultant Editor and Historical Advisor are well-known South African historians - Christopher Saunders and Colin Bundy, respectively.

Ross, Robert. A Concise History of South Africa. Cambridge University Press, 1994.
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Seekings, Jeremy. The UDF: A History of the United Democratic Front in South Africa, 1983-1991. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2000.
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Simons, Jack and Ray. Class and Colour in South Africa 1850-1950. London: International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa, 1983.

South African Democracy Education Trust (SADET). The Road to Democracy in South Africa. Vols. 1-2. Cape Town: Zebra Press, 2004.
This major project is producing five volumes on the struggle for democracy since 1960. Selected chapters are being made available online. (Click on "The Road to Democracy" from left-hand menu and then on each volume.)
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Sparks, Allister. Tomorrow is Another Country: The Inside Story of South Africa's Road to Change. New York: Hill and Wang, 1995.
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Thompson, Carol B. Harvests under Fire: Regional Co-operation for Food Security in Southern Africa. London ; Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Zed Books, 1991.

Thompson, Leonard. A History of South Africa. (3rd ed.) New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.
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Van Onselen, Charles. The Seed is Mine: The Life of Kas Maine, a South African Sharecropper, 1984-1985. New York: Hill and Wang, 1996.

Wilson, Francis and Mamphela Ramphele. Uprooting Poverty: The South African Challenge. Cape Town: David Philip, 1989.

Wilson, Francis. Migrant Labour: Report to the South African Council of Churches. Johannesburg, South African Council of Churches and SPRO-CAS, 1972.

Worden, Nigel. The Making of South Africa: Conquest, Segregation and Apartheid. Blackwell Publishing, 2000.
Chapter 4 gives a useful survey of the different views of historians on the origins of apartheid.
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Worger, William and Nancy Clark. South Africa: The Rise and Fall of Apartheid. Harlow, NY: Pearson Longman, 2004.

Wylie, Diana. Starving on a Full Stomach: Hunger and the Triumph of Cultural Racism in Modern South Africa. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2001.
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AODL African Studies Center MSU NEH Matrix