Laloo Chiba interviewed by David Bailey June 16, 2007 Cape Town, South Africa.
"The ANC had to take the decision whether they should take the struggle one step higher ... and involve the ANC in armed struggle." [2:14]
After the Sharpeville massacre, when both the ANC and PAC were banned, they had to decide whether to continue to operate underground and whether to move to an armed struggle.
Born in 1930, Laloo Chiba was active in the Transvaal Indian Congress, a legal organization, and also joined the South African Communist Party and Umkonto we Sizwe (MK), the armed wing of the African National Congress in 1961. He became a platoon commander in MK, responsible for four cells conducting sabotage operations. Chiba was brutally tortured by the Special Branch, about which he testified before the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. He was charged with membership of the second High Command of MK, and served a prison term on Robben Island from 1964 to 1982. Chiba served in the first democratic Parliament and, in 2004, he received the Order of Luthuli in Silver from the government for his contribution to the struggle for a non-racial, non-sexist, just and democratic South Africa.